The advancement of technology has made the world small and comparatively a better place. However, it has resulted in new and advanced threats and crimes.

Criminals find cyberspace a large and simple, hence, an ideal place to commit criminal activities. In 2016, the cost of criminal activities in cyberspace was estimated at over $450 billion. Keeping the potential threat of cybercrime, Afghanistan, as a developing country, needs to be cautious. Thus, the 2017 criminal law approved by President Ashraf Ghani, was an excellent step towards having a secure as well as advanced digital space in Afghanistan. …


“The life which is unexamined is not worth living”

Socrates recommended various ways he should be sentenced after the jury of Athens determined him derelict. Eventually, between exile or execution, he chose execution and reasoned why death was more favorable. While his own people were accusing him of impiety and misguiding the youth, he could not expect foreigners to endure him. Socrates also reasoned why could he not choose silence, which would allow people to tolerate him if he was exiled. If he did choose silence, he reflected, it would be a violation of divine command and would prevent him…


“Once developed, lethal autonomous weapons will permit armed conflict to be fought at a scale greater than ever, and at timescales faster than humans can comprehend. These can be weapons of terror, weapons that despots and terrorists use against innocent populations, and weapons hacked to behave in undesirable ways.”

Weapons have always been a means of destruction and disaster. These tools were invented and utilized by humans themselves to enforce law and order in society through violence and enhance the effectiveness of warfare. While on the other hand, lethal autonomous weapons (LAWs) are designed by humans to be used with…

Mateen Rahmat

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